Wudpecker Journal of Agricultural Research ISSN 2315-7259
Vol. 066 - 074 December 2015 2015 Wudpecker Journals
Determinants of farm household food security in Hawi Gudina district, West Hararghe zone, Oromia Regional state, Ethiopia
Fekede Gemechu1*, Lemma Zemedu2 and Jemal Yousuf3
1*Mechara Agricultural Research Center, Mechara, Ethiopia.
*Corresponding author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Accepted 23 October 2015
Improving household food security is the critical issue that needs to be addressed in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study sets out to assess the food security status and determine factors influencing food security status in Hawi Guddina district. A multi- stage random sampling technique was employed to select sample households randomly from six Kebele Administrations of the district by using Probability Proportional to Size. Both primary and secondary data were used. The required data set for the study were collected primarily through survey method from 140 randomly selected sample households through interview schedule. The collected data were analyzed by employing both descriptive statistics and logistic regression. Household calorie acquisition was analyzed to measure the status of household food security. Out of 140 households 32.9% and 67.1% were food secure and insecure, respectively. The model was initially fitted with fifteen variables, of which five were found to be significant and all exhibited the expected signs. These significant variables are family size (P<0.01), livestock ownership (P<0.05), distance from market center (P<0.05), access to nonfarm activity (P<0.1) and cash crop production (P<0.05). The econometric result revealed that the probability of being food secure increase with high livestock ownership, access to nonfarm activity and producing cash crops while large family size and far from market center reduce the probability of household to be food secure. On the basis of the study findings, promotion of family planning program through training and informal education, develop infrastructure and provision of nonfarm activity to diversify income of the community will help to improve food security status of households. The study also recommends the need to assist farming households in the study area to increase production and productivity of cash crop through provision of agricultural input and training to the community.
Key words: Binary logit model, determinants of food security, farm household, Ethiopia.