Journal of Environmental Science and Water Resources                                     ISSN 2277 0704

Vol. 5(2), pp. 017 - 023, March 2016                                                            2016 Wudpecker Journals

 

Physicochemical and microbiological quality of Rumpi community water sources in rural south western Cameroon (Central Africa)

 

*Dzekewong S Ndzeshala1, Suh  C E2,  Lifongo  L L3

 

1School of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Catholic University Institute of Buea P.O. Box 563 Buea, Cameroon.
2Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea P.O. Box 63 Buea, Cameroon.

3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Buea P.O. Box 63 Buea, Cameroon.

 

*Corresponding author E-mail: solleydze@yahoo.com.

 

Accepted 14 February 2016

 

Abstract

 

Sustainable provision of potable water is a major challenge faced by developing countries. In Cameroon, water resources are abundant, but demand for potable water supersedes supply in both urban and rural communities, resulting in a plethora of health risks. In this study, the physicochemical and microbiological quality of 11 community water supply schemes (9 springs, 1 stream and 1 rain water) operated within the Rumpi Project area in the South West Region of Cameroon have been assessed, using colorimetric/turbidimetric methods, atomic emission photometry, titration, and Multiple Tube dilution Technique, in order to establish the link between anthropogenic activities, water quality and possible health impacts. Results revealed that Ca2+,15.81mg/L, Mg2+,13.63mg/L Na+, 16.85mg/L, and HCO3-, 175.78mg/L were the major constituents in the water samples. These concentrations are within the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for safe drinking water however, they are lower than the recommended minimum daily intake. The low mineral content of the sampled water sources accounts for the soft nature of most of the sampled water sources in the study area and could pose a potential health risk to people depending solely on these sources for their mineral supply. 82% of the analysed samples had coliform count which ranged from 4 to 4800MPN/100mL; this is above the WHO guideline of 0MPN/100mL, thus unacceptable for drinking. A variety of anthropogenic activities were observed around the water sources, affecting the source water quality negatively, thus requiring sufficient treatment prior to distribution in order to reduce water related diseases.

 

Key words: Water quality, Rumpi project, anthropogenic activities, human health,  water sources, south west Cameroon.

 

 

  Cite this Reference:
 

Dzekewong S Ndzeshala, Suh C E, Lifongo L L (2016). Physicochemical and microbiological quality of Rumpi community water sources in rural south western Cameroon (Central Africa).  J. Environ. Sci. Water Resourc. 5(2): 017-023.