Journal of Environmental Science and Water Resources ISSN 2277 0704
Vol. 4(4), pp. 117 - 124, June 2015 2015 Wudpecker Journals
Public Participatory Approach as an Alternative Conflict Resolution Strategy for Environmental/resource-oriented Conflicts in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria
¹*Amukali O., ²Dr. Faajiir A. and ³TPL. Imaitor-Uku E. E.
¹Department of Geography and Environmental Management, Niger Delta University, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
*Corresponding author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Tel. +2348136152810
Accepted 28 September 2014
In recent times, conflicts have assumed alarming rates, worldwide. In Nigeria, environmental and/or Resource control-centered conflicts are not excluded. Efforts targeting ensuring peace have failed to yield the required results owing to adoption of conventional strategies that are biased, one-sided, coercive and adversarial. Thus, this study tried to evaluate the importance of Public Participatory Approach (PPA) as an alternative effective and sustainable strategy for resolving conflicts within the Niger Delta region owing to the conventional strategies being found to be grossly ineffective and non-sustainable whereas the PPA has not only proven to be effective, but also efficient and sustainable in approach. This is because of its ability to give a great majority of the voiceless people in the community the opportunity to be heard and their views considered. Majority of the respondents in this present study agreed that the Public Participatory Approach is a far better approach to conflict resolution than conventional strategies within the study area. This could be attributed to its being relatively non-biased, not lop-sided in nature, highly collaborative, problem-solving oriented, trust-building and above all, sustainably profitable to majority. By adopting strategy, a greater majority of the affected people within communities stand the chance of having their views and opinions known to stakeholders and policy makers. And, because their views are considered and adopted, they also stand to support same, thus the preference of the PPA as the most people-friendly type of strategy for resolving environmental-oriented conflicts within the study area.
Key words: Conflicts, Niger Delta area, resolution strategies, public participatory approach.